Tokyo is the capital of Japan located on the eastern coast of Honshu Island at the head of Tokyo Bay. The city of Tokyo is the administrative, financial, educational, cultural and industrial center of Japan, surrounded by numerous suburban manufacturing complexes.


The Republic of Korea

Seoul is the capital of the Republic of Korea (South Korea), located in NW part of the contry, on the Han River. The political, commercial, industrial, and cultural center of the nation, Seoul is by far the most important city in the country.

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Pyongyang is the capital of North Korea, in SW of the country, on a high bluff looking down the Taedong River. It is considered as the oldest city on the Korean Peninsula. During the Korean War, Pyongyang fell to the North Koreans. After having been ravaged in the war, the city was rebuilt according to an organized city planning.
Ulan Bator


Ulan Bator (Ulaan Baatar) is the capital city of Mongolia, situated in the north central part of the country, on the Tuul River. It is situated at the foot of the Bogdo Khan Uul, It is the political, cultural, economic, and transportation center of the country.

People's Republic of China

Beijing is the capital of the People's Republic of China. The second largest city in China (after Shanghai), Beijing is the political, cultural, and educational center of the country. At the center of the city, Tianmen square is located surrounded by Great Hall of the People to the west and Museum of the Revolution to the east.


Taipei is the capital of Taiwan located in the northern part of Taiwan Island. Taiwan's largest city, it is the administrative, cultural, and industrial center of the island. The Jiang Jie-shi Memorial Park is located in the center of the city.

Republic of the Philippines

Manila is the capital of Republic of the Philippines, SW Luzon, on Manila Bay. Manila is the center of the country's largest metropolitan area, with its chief port, and the center of all the governmental, commercial, industrial, and cultural activities.

Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam, on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi became (7th cent.) the seat of the Chinese rulers of Vietnam. Hanoi was occupied briefly by French in 1873 and it became the capital of French Indochina after 1887.

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Vientiane is the administrative capital and the largest city of Laos, in the north central part of the country on the Mekong River. Vientiane possesses diverse light industries and is a trading center of forest products, textiles, and hides.
Phnom Penh

Kingdom of Cambodia

Phnom Penh is the capital of Cambodia, in SW part of the contry, at the confluence of the Mekong and Tonle Sap rivers. Phnom Penh was founded in the 14th cent. and became Khmer capital after the abandonment of Angkor. It became the capital of Cambodia in 1867. The cultural and commercial center as well as political capital of Cambodia.

Kingdom of Thailand

Bangkok is the capital of Thailand, in SW part of the contry, on the east bank of the Chao Phraya River, near the Gulf of Thailand. Thailand's largest city and one of the leading cities of Southeast Asia. Bangkok is home to the regional headquarters of the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), as well as many other international businesses and organizations.
Kuala Lumpur


Kuala Lumpur is the capital of Malaysia, located in the southern part of Malay Peninsula, at the confluence of the Klang and Gombak rivers. Malaysia's chief inland city, Kuala Lumpur is the country's commercial and transportation hub.

Republic of Singapore

Singapore , officially called Republic of Singapore, consists of the mainland of Singapore and about 50 small adjacent islands at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, SE Asia. Its Capital, Singapore city is the largest city and histrically played an impoetant role as a key junction of trade between Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean.

Republic of Indonesia

Jakarta is the capital and largest city of Indonesia located in NW Java island, at the mouth of the canalized Ciliwung River, on Jakarta Bay. It is the country's administrative, commercial, industrial, and transportation center.

Union of Myanmar

Yangon, formerly Rangoon, is the capital of Myanmar and of Yangon div., located in the south central of Myanmar, on the Yangon River. The name of Yangon, meaning "the end of war" was given in 1755, ever since the city has been developed as a port city, the center of commercial activities. Central part of the city was constructed according to the city planning in 1952, when beautiful grid street scape was developed.

People's Republic of Bangladesh

Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh, located in the high populated delta prone to floods on a channel of the Dhaleswari River, in the heart of the world's largest jute-growing region, and the industrial, commercial, and administrative center of Bangladesh. The city achieved glory as the 17th-century Mughal capital of Bengal and became the capital of Pakistan in 1971.

Kingdom of Nepal

Katmandu is the capital of Nepal, central Nepal in a fertile valley of the E Himalayas. It is the administrative, business, and commercial center of Nepal. Great many western tourists visit Katmandu, many of them mountain climbers. Tourism and trade with India led to a rapid increase in Katmandu's population and to the expansion of paved streets and sewage systems.
New Delhi

Delhi is located in the middle of Delhi plain, where Yamuna River crosses. New Delhi, the capital of India, and Delhi (or Old Delhi) are the chief urban centers. Government buildings are concentrated in New Delhi, which has organized streets with greens and parks.

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan, in NE part of the country, just NE of Rawalpindi, the former interim capital. Construction of Islamabad [city of Islam] as the capital to replace Karachi began in 1960.

Islamic State of Afganistan

Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan and its largest city and economic and cultural center, in the east part of the country, on the Kabul River. It is strategically located in a high narrow valley, between mountain ranges that commands the main approaches to the Khyber Pass. A tunnel under the Hindu Kush mountains links Kabul to the Tajikistan border.

Republic of Uzbekistan

Tashkent is the capital of Tashkent region and of Uzbekistan, in the foothills of the Tian Shan mts. The largest and one of the oldest cities of Central Asia, it is the economic heart of the region.

Islamic Republic of Iran

Tehran is the capital of Iran, in north part of the country, near Mt. Damavand. It is Iran's largest city and its administrative, commercial, and industrial center. Meherabad international airport is located in the center of the image, and Azadi Tower (Freedom Tower) , which was built for the celebrations of the 2500th anniversary of the monarchy, is located at the junction of the roads from the airport, and acts as a gateway to the capital.

Republic of Iraq

Baghdad is the capital of Iraq, located in the central Iraq, on both banks of the Tigris River. The city was founded (762) on the west bank of the Tigris by the Abbasid caliph Mansur, who made it his capital. The period of its utmost glory is reflected in the Thousand and One Nights, in which many of the tales are set in Baghdad. Now, the city's principal economic activity is oil industry, as a result, Baghdad experienced rapid economic and population growth.

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Riyadh is the capital and the largest city of Saudi Arabia, located in the Nejd district, central part of Saudi Arabia. Situated in an oasis, Riyadh is the nation's educational, administrative, financial, and transportation center. Oil refining is the main industry.

State of Israel

Jerusalem is the capital of Israel. It is situated on a ridge of 760 m high that lies west of the Dead Sea and the Jordan River. Jerusalem is the center of administrative, religious, educational, cultural, and market activities. Tourism and construction are the city's major industries.

Arab Republic of Egypt

Cairo is the capital of Egypt in NE part of the country. The city includes two islands in the Nile, Zamalik (Gezira) and Roda (Rawdah), which are linked to the mainland by bridges. Cairo is the largest city in the Middle East and in Africa. It is Egypt's administrative center and, along with Alexandria, the heart of its economic activities.


Republic of Tunisia

Tunis is the capital of Tunisia, in NE part of the county, on the Lake of Tunis. Access to the Gulf of Tunis (an arm of the Mediterranean) is by a canal terminating at a subsidiary port, Halq al Wadi (La Goulette). Tunis has notable mosques, the Univ. of Tunis, and a national museum. The ruins of Carthage are located nearby, to the northeast in the right of the image.

Kingdom of Morocco

Casablanca is the largest city and principal port of Morocco, located in the western parth of Morocco, on the Atlantic Ocean. It accounts for more than half of Morocco's industrial production. During World War II, Casablanca was the scene of one of the three major Allied landings in North Africa (Nov., 1942) and the conference between Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Winston Churchill was held (Nov., 1943).


Republic of South Africa

Johannesburg is the largest city in South Africa, the center of its important gold-mining industry, its manufacturing and commercial center, and the hub of its transportation network. Gold mining is the sprawling city's chief industry. Manufactures include cut diamonds, industrial chemicals, plastics, cement, electrical, electronic, and mining equipment, paper and paper products, glass, food products, and beer.

Republic of Turkey

Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey on both sides of the Bosporus at its entrance into the Sea of Marmara. Its name was officially changed from Constantinople to Istanbul in 1930; before A.D. 330 it was known as Byzantium. In cities adjacent to Europe, Overseas Establishments, hotels, restaurants and shops are concentrated, while old cities adjacent to Asia has landmark constructions represented by Blue Mosque, Ayasofya, Topkapi Sarayi and Kapali Carsi, commemorating Greek, Rome and Ottman Enpire.


Hellenic Republic

Athens is the capital of Greece, eastern central Greece, on the plain of Attica, between the Kifisos and Ilissus rivers, near the Saronic Gulf. Mt. Aigaleos, Mt. Parnis , Mt. Pendelikon , and Mt. Hymettus are lined in a semicircle with the city at its center. The capital of Attica prefecture, Athens is the largest city in Greece and it is administrative, economic, and cultural center. In the city there are many landmarks, major one is the acropolis which dominates the city and on which stand the remains of the Parthenon.


Kiev is the capital of Ukraine with a port on the Dnieper River. The largest city of Ukraine, Kiev is the industrial, commercial, and cultural center. Known to Russians as the "mother of cities,Åh Kiev is one of the oldest towns in the north Europe. Lying amid hills along the Dnieper and filled with gardens and parks, Kiev is one of Europe's most beautiful cities, as well as a treasury of medieval art and architecture.

Russian Federation

Moscow is the capital of Russia and the administrative center of the Central district, in the western central European Russia, on the Moskva River near its junction with the Moscow Canal. In the city, roads spread in concentric circles with Kremlin at the center, dividing the city into several divisions. The outermost division is allocated as a residental area. A loop road surrounding the area is the boundary of the city.
St. Petersburg

Russian Federation

Sankt Petersburg, the second largest city and former capital in Russia, formerly named Leningrad at the head of the Gulf of Finland on both banks of the Neva River and on the islands of its delta. The city's main thoroughfare is the celebrated Nevsky Prospekt. On it are the high-spired admiralty building; the Winter Palace; the Hermitage museum; the huge domed Cathedral of St. Isaac ; and the equestrian statue of Peter the Great.

Republic of Italy

Rome is the capital of Italy and see of the pope, whose residence, Vatican City , is a sovereign state within the city of Rome. Rome is also the capital of Latium, a region in central part of Italy, and of Rome prov. It lies on both banks of the Tiber and its affluent, the Aniene, in the Campagna di Roma, between the Apennine Mts. and the Tyrrhenian Sea. Called the Eternal City, it is one of the world's richest cities in history and art as well as one of its cultural, religious, and intellectual centers.

French Republic

Paris is the capital of France on the Seine River. It is the commercial and industrial focus of France and a cultural and intellectual center in the world. Paris is divided into roughly equal sections by the Seine. On the right (northern) bank are the Bois de Boulogne, Arc de Triomphe, Place de la Concorde, Opera and Louvre. The left bank, with the Sorbonne, the French Academy,is the governmental and the intellectual section.


Federal Republic of Germany

Berlin is the capital of Germany, coextensive with Berlin state , NE Germany, on the Spree and Havel rivers. Formerly divided into East Berlin and West Berlin , the city was reunified along with East and West Germany on Oct. 3, 1990. The large Tiergarten park in central Berlin contains the reconstructed Reichstag building with its glass dome and the Berlin zoo. Landmark of the city includes Charlottenburg castle, Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial church, Reichstag and Philharmonic Hall.


Republic of Austria

Wien (Vienna) is the capital and largest city of Austria and administrative seat of Lower Austria, in NE part of the country, on the Danube River. The city plays an important role as a major riverfront town in Europe. The former residence of the Holy Roman emperors and, after 1806, of the emperors of Austria, Wien is one of the great historic cities of the world and a melting pot of the Germanic, Slav, Italian, and Hungarian peoples and cultures.


United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

London is the capital of Great Britain, in SE part of England, on both sides of the Thames River. Greater London consists of the "City of London", or "City" and 32 boroughs. The City is the commercial center; it is also referred to as the "Square Mile" because of its areal feature. The 13 inner boroughs that surround the City are Westminster, Camden, Islington, Hackney, Tower Hamlets, Greenwich, Lewisham, Southwark, Lambeth, Wandsworth, Hammersmith and Fulham, Kensington and Chelsea.


Madrid is the capital of Spain located in the central part of the country, and the center of its own autonomous region, on the Manzanares River. Its landmarks include the huge royal palace, opera house, the Buen Retiro park and three superb art museums, the Prado, which houses one of the finest art collections in the world; the Queen Sofia Museum of modern art; and the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum; housed in the renovated Villahermosa Palace.

Portuguese Republic

Lisbon is the capital of Portugal on the Tejo River where it broadens to enter the Atlantic Ocean. Lisbon is Portugal's largest city and its cultural, administrative, commercial, and industrial hub. Delta at the mouth of Tejo river provided the optimum location as a harbor in Europe for handling large trades, which led to develop into a major cruise port. In 1966 , one of the world's longest suspension bridges was completed across the Tejo.


Vancouver is a city in SW British Columbia, Canada, on Burrard Inlet of the Strait of Georgia, opposite Vancouver Island and just north of the Wash. border. It is the largest city on Canada's Pacific coast, the center of the third largest metropolitan area in Canada, and the nation's chief Pacific port, with an excellent year-round harbor. At Point Grey in metropolitan Vancouver is the Univ. of British Columbia in the lower left of image, and Stanley Park, the largest among the city's parks, is in the top of peninsula in the center of ithe mage.
New York

United States of America

New York city is the largest city in the United States and one of the largest in the world, on New York Bay at the mouth of the Hudson River. It consists five boroughs, Queens, Brooklyn, State Island, Bronx and Manhattan. Except for Bronx, all the other boroughs are located on island. Central park, which spreads in the central part of Long Island, is said to be the first public buildings to have applied landscape architecture in the U.S. history.
Washington D.C.

United States of America

Washington, D.C. is the capital of the United States , coextensive with the District of Columbia, on the Potomac River. The city is the center of a metropolitan area extending into Maryland and Virginia. Washington is the legislative, administrative, and judicial center of the United States but has little industry; its business is mainly involved in the government, and hundreds of thousands of people are employed in the metropolitan area.
San Francisco

United States of America

San Francisco is a city in western California, on the tip of a peninsula between the Pacific Ocean and San Francisco Bay, which are connected by the strait known as the Golden Gate. The city is the heart of the San Francisco Bay region and with along Oakland and San Jose, the city comprises the fourth largest metropolitan area in the United States.
Los Angels

United States of America

Los Angeles is a city in south California. It has the second largest population in US cities and it is one of the largest cities as the hub of industries, commercials, transportations, finances and international trades. Two mountain ranges, the Santa Monica and Verdugo, cut across the center of the city. The east end of the Santa Monica Mountains is seen in the upper left of the image.
Mexico City

United Mexican States

Mexico City is the capital and largest city of Mexico located in the center of the country. Mexico City forms the core of the Federal District and is the commercial, industrial, financial, political, and cultural center of the nation. Population has increased rapidly in a city that had already spread out into many residential sections called colonias.

Federative Republic of Brazil

Brasilia is the capital city and federal district of Brazil located in the southwest of Goias state. Inaugurated in 1960, it is situated in the highlands of central Brazil, and its modern public buildings stand out in sparsely settled countryside. The city was laid out (1957) in the shape of an airplane by the Brazilian architect Lucio Costa. Government services, small-scaled industry, food services, and construction are important factors for the country's economy.
Rio de Janeiro

Federative Republic of Brazil

Rio de Janeiro is the capital of Rio de Janeiro state, in SE Brazil, on Guanabara Bay of the Atlantic Ocean. The second largest city and former capital of Brazil, it is the cultural center of the country as well as financial, commercial, communication, and transportation hub. Rio has one of the world's most beautiful natural harbors. It is surrounded by low mountain ranges, which extend to the waterside, across the city.

Buenos Aires

Argentine Republic

Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina located in the east central part of Argentina, on the Rio de la Plata. One of the largest cities in Latin America, Buenos Aires is Argentina's chief port and financial, industrial, commercial, and social center. Area around a port in the right part of the image is the place where the people first settled. Since then, the city has expanded in semicircle form.


Republic of Chile

Santiago is the capital of Chile and of Metropolitana de Santiago region, on the Mapocho River. It is the political, commercial, and financial heart of the nation. The city was founded and named Santiago de Nueva Estremadura on Feb. 12, 1541, by Pedro de Valdivia. Laid out according to Valdivia's plan in a gridiron pattern between the hill of Santa Lucia and the Mapocho, a mountain torrent, Santiago has spread over a broad valley plain and it is one of the largest cities in South America.


Commonwealth of Australia

Canberra is the capital of Australia, in the Australian Capital Territory, located in SE Australia. The city was first settled in 1824, and chosen as the capital in 1908. In 1913, Canberra officially became the second capital of the commonwealth (succeeding Melbourne); however, although the Parliament first met there in 1927, the transfer of federal functions was not completed until after World War II and the Parliament House, on Capitol Hill, was not opened until 1988.